Take a look at the animated film Ilya and the Fire. Ilya is a young warrior. He is the son of Cy, the Earth, who dares his mother to steal fire. The maker of this beautiful film was inspired by an indigenous myth about stealing fire!

It is a trick also known to the Kalapalo people, who live in the Xingu Indigenous Park, in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso. They call it Ketinho Mitselü. The Kalapalo use a long piece of string made from dried leaves of a buriti palm tree. This is plaited together and the ends tied up. They quickly weave the string with their fingers, creating all sorts of different designs. They make animals. They make characters from indigenous myths. And they make playful images of things from everyday life.

All year round people train for the fights that will take place during the ritual. When playing Ikindene, each man tries to knock his opponent on to the ground. He may also end a fight simply by touching the leg of his opponent with his hand. So the winner is the one who either touches his opponent’s leg, or who manages to knock his opponent right over.

For three years the collection of turtle eggs and the eating of turtle meat were completely forbidden. As a result, the species of turtle, which had been almost extinct in the River Amônia, rose in numbers again. Since 2003, the Ashaninka have held an annual festival to mark the release of hundreds of turtles into local rivers. This video, produced by Video nas Aldeias and OPIAC (Organização dos Professores Indígenas do Acre) shows this party.

This video was produced an organization called Amazonlink, as part of their project, "Vigilant Villages: a New Approach to Protecting Traditional Knowledge and Combating Biopiracy in the Amazon"

This is a story created by Leonardo Cadaval. It poses questions about the differences between Indians and non-Indians by looking at the ways each of them relates to the environment.